ISSN 2705-3156
 

Research Article 


SEROPREVALENCE OF HBSAG AND ANTI-HCV INFECTIONS AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA

Ummar Salisu, Mohammed Bashar Danlami, Sule Sahabi Manga, Musa Isah and Anas Muhammad Gada.

Abstract
Blood transfusions, unsafe injection practices, occupational hazards, sexual risk behaviour, or mother-to-child mainly transmits hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the perinatal period. The seroprevalence of HBV/HCV is indicated by the presence of surface antigen (HBsAg) or anti-HCV antigen in the blood of a patient. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of HBsAg and Anti HCV infections among outpatients in some selected Local Government Areas of Zamfara State, Nigeria. Cross-sectional method was used in the study. Three hundred and sixty (360) blood samples were collected to test for HBV/HCV infections using rapid diagnostic kits and HBV Combo cassette. The overall seroprevalence of HBV was 11.1% and 0.3% for HCV infection. Up the 360 samples,40 were found to be positive for HBsAg and 1 for HCV. The prevalence according to LGAs was Gummi, (HBV 18.3%; HCV, 0.83%), Bukkuyum (HBV, 8.3%; HCV, 0%), and Anka (HBV, 6.6%; HCV, 0%).Outpatients within the range of 20-30 years appeared to be the most vulnerable category to HBV/HCV infection. Conclusion: Seroprevalence of HBV/HCV in this study remains high. This research found a gradual increase of HBV/HCV infection in the three local Governments of Zamfara state. Hence, Adequate Screening for viral hepatitis and Hepatitis B virus vaccination should be administered routinely to children and adults as well as the vulnerable in these communities.

Key words: Seroprevalence, Hepatitis B, C, Infection, Outpatients


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ummar Salisu, Mohammed Bashar Danlami, Sule Sahabi Manga, Musa Isah and Anas Muhammad Gada. SEROPREVALENCE OF HBSAG AND ANTI-HCV INFECTIONS AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA . JIRLS. 2021; 3(1): 1-9.


Web Style

Ummar Salisu, Mohammed Bashar Danlami, Sule Sahabi Manga, Musa Isah and Anas Muhammad Gada. SEROPREVALENCE OF HBSAG AND ANTI-HCV INFECTIONS AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA . http://www.jirlsonline.com/?mno=25816 [Access: November 27, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ummar Salisu, Mohammed Bashar Danlami, Sule Sahabi Manga, Musa Isah and Anas Muhammad Gada. SEROPREVALENCE OF HBSAG AND ANTI-HCV INFECTIONS AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA . JIRLS. 2021; 3(1): 1-9.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ummar Salisu, Mohammed Bashar Danlami, Sule Sahabi Manga, Musa Isah and Anas Muhammad Gada. SEROPREVALENCE OF HBSAG AND ANTI-HCV INFECTIONS AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA . JIRLS. (2021), [cited November 27, 2021]; 3(1): 1-9.



Harvard Style

Ummar Salisu, Mohammed Bashar Danlami, Sule Sahabi Manga, Musa Isah and Anas Muhammad Gada (2021) SEROPREVALENCE OF HBSAG AND ANTI-HCV INFECTIONS AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA . JIRLS, 3 (1), 1-9.



Turabian Style

Ummar Salisu, Mohammed Bashar Danlami, Sule Sahabi Manga, Musa Isah and Anas Muhammad Gada. 2021. SEROPREVALENCE OF HBSAG AND ANTI-HCV INFECTIONS AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA . Journal of Innovative Research in Life Sciences, 3 (1), 1-9.



Chicago Style

Ummar Salisu, Mohammed Bashar Danlami, Sule Sahabi Manga, Musa Isah and Anas Muhammad Gada. "SEROPREVALENCE OF HBSAG AND ANTI-HCV INFECTIONS AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA ." Journal of Innovative Research in Life Sciences 3 (2021), 1-9.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ummar Salisu, Mohammed Bashar Danlami, Sule Sahabi Manga, Musa Isah and Anas Muhammad Gada. "SEROPREVALENCE OF HBSAG AND ANTI-HCV INFECTIONS AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA ." Journal of Innovative Research in Life Sciences 3.1 (2021), 1-9. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ummar Salisu, Mohammed Bashar Danlami, Sule Sahabi Manga, Musa Isah and Anas Muhammad Gada (2021) SEROPREVALENCE OF HBSAG AND ANTI-HCV INFECTIONS AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA . Journal of Innovative Research in Life Sciences, 3 (1), 1-9.